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Thai-Vietnamese relations
Map indicating locations of Thailand and Vietnam


Diplomatic mission
Embassy of Thailand, HanoiEmbassy of Vietnam, Bangkok
Ambassador Nikorndej Balankura[1]Ambassador Phan Chi Thanh[2]

Thailand and Vietnam were major historical rivals in Mainland Southeast Asia and still have an intense rivalry with each other. However, they have since maintained peaceful bilateral relations, especially as since Vietnam integrated with the international community beginning in 1986. Thailand has an embassy in Hanoi and Vietnam has an embassy in Bangkok.[3] Both countries are members of ASEAN.


A painting of Ong Chiang Su, an Annamese ruler, in audience with King Rama I in the Amarin Throne Hall in Bangkok 1782. Note by Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn.

The first real tương tác between Siam (today called Thailand) and Vietnam was recorded in the 16th century.

Siamese-Vietnamese wars[edit]

Per historical records[specify], Thailand (as Siam) and the Vietnamese state fought together in a massive series of wars that began in the early 18th century. However, larger conflicts were recorded from the later 18th century.

Tây Sơn unrest[edit]

After the overthrow of the Nguyễn Lord, Nguyễn Ánh, the last few survivors sought vengeance by requesting assistance from Siam, whose force conducted a massive invasion into the newly-annexed southern Vietnam and committed atrocities there. A massive blow later has Siam being beaten disastrously by the Tay Son force, led by Nguyễn Huệ.

19th century[edit]

The Siamese and Vietnamese fought two massive wars in the region, resulting in heavy destruction of Cambodia. Vietnam defeated Siam in the first, while the second ended in a stalemate. The rivalry between the two countries remained until the French invasion of Cochinchina.

Vietnam War and Khmer Rouge[edit]

South Vietnam–Thailand relations
Map indicating locations of South Vietnam and Thailand

South Vietnam


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Thailand participated in the Vietnam War[4] on the side of the United States over fears of the domino theory and the communist insurgency in Thailand. Of the 12,000–15,000 Thai troops lớn fight in the war, over 2,000 casualties were recorded. After 1975, Thai–Vietnamese relations remained sour and very tense.

After the Vietnamese invasion of Cambodia resulted in the overthrow of the Khmer Rouge, Vietnam was in deep conflict with Thailand because of Thai opposition lớn Vietnam's occupation of Cambodia.. Border raids were launched between both nations, damaged much of Cambodia, and further soured relations.

Hostility between Thailand and Vietnam ended in 1989, when Vietnamese forces retreated from Cambodia.

Modern relations[edit]

After Nguyễn Văn Linh's 1986 Đổi mới mẻ reforms, Vietnam moved from socialism lớn more integration with the international community. As a result, Thai–Vietnamese relations have quickly improved. Thailand, a founding thành viên of ASEAN, supported Vietnam in joining the ASEAN, which occurred in 1995. Thus, the once-poor relationship between Thailand and Vietnam has turned into one of strategic co-operation and alliance.[5]

Economic relations[edit]

In năm ngoái, Thailand was the tenth-largest investor in Vietnam, worth nearly US$7 billion. Thailand was also Vietnam's fifth-largest trading partner.[6]

Football rivalry[edit]

The rise of Vietnam and subsequent rampant Vietnamese nationalism has led lớn the increase of rivalry between Vietnam and Thailand.[7]

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External links[edit]