Review the MSCI methodology behind the Sustainability Characteristics and Business Involvement metrics: 1ESG Fund Ratings; 2Index Carbon Footprint Metrics; 3Business Involvement Screening Research; 4ESG Screened Index Methodology; 5ESG Controversies; 6MSCI Implied Temperature Rise

For funds with an investment objective that include the integration of ESG criteria, there may be corporate actions or other situations that may cause the fund or index to tát passively hold securities that may not comply with ESG criteria. Please refer to tát the fund’s prospectus for more information. The screening applied by the fund's index provider may include revenue thresholds phối by the index provider. The information displayed on this trang web may not include all of the screens that apply to tát the relevant index or the relevant fund. These screens are described in more detail in the fund’s prospectus, other fund documents, and the relevant index methodology document.

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Certain information contained herein (the “Information”) has been provided by MSCI ESG Research LLC, a RIA under the Investment Advisers Act of 1940, and may include data from its affiliates (including MSCI Inc. and its subsidiaries (“MSCI”)), or third tiệc nhỏ suppliers (each an “Information Provider”), and it may not be reproduced or redisseminated in whole or in part without prior written permission. The Information has not been submitted to tát, nor received approval from, the US SEC or any other regulatory toàn thân. The Information may not be used to tát create any derivative works, or in connection with, nor does it constitute, an offer to tát buy or sell, or a promotion or recommendation of, any security, financial instrument or product or trading strategy, nor should it be taken as an indication or guarantee of any future performance, analysis, forecast or prediction. Some funds may be based on or linked to tát MSCI indexes, and MSCI may be compensated based on the fund’s assets under management or other measures. MSCI has established an information barrier between equity index research and certain Information. None of the Information in and of itself can be used to tát determine which securities to tát buy or sell or when to tát buy or sell them. The Information is provided “as is” and the user of the Information assumes the entire risk of any use it may make or permit to tát be made of the Information. Neither MSCI ESG Research nor any Information Party makes any representations or express or implied warranties (which are expressly disclaimed), nor shall they incur liability for any errors or omissions in the Information, or for any damages related thereto. The foregoing shall not exclude or limit any liability that may not by applicable law be excluded or limited.

Carefully consider the Funds' investment objectives, risk factors, and charges and expenses before investing. This and other information can be found in the Funds' prospectuses which may be obtained by visiting the SEC Edgar database. Read the prospectus carefully before investing.

Common shares for most of the closed-end funds identified above are only available for purchase and sale at current market price on a stock exchange. A closed-end fund’s dividend yield, market price and NAV will fluctuate with market conditions. The information for these funds is provided for informational purposes only and does not constitute a solicitation of an offer to tát buy or sell Fund shares.

Performance results reflect past performance and are no guarantee of future results. Current performance may be lower or higher than vãn the performance data quoted. All returns assume reinvestment of all dividends. The market value and net asset value (NAV) of a fund's shares will fluctuate with market conditions. Closed-end funds may trade at a premium to tát NAV but often trade at a discount.

The fund is actively managed and its characteristics will vary. Stock and bond values fluctuate in price so sánh the value of your investment can go down depending on market conditions. International investing involves special risks including, but not limited to tát political risks, currency fluctuations, illiquidity and volatility. These risks may be heightened for investments in emerging markets. Fixed income risks include interest-rate and credit risk. Typically, when interest rates rise, there is a corresponding decline in bond values. Credit risk refers to tát the possibility that the bond issuer will not be able to tát make principal and interest payments. Principal of mortgage- or asset-backed securities normally may be prepaid at any time, reducing the yield and market value of those securities. Obligations of US govt. agencies are supported by varying degrees of credit but generally are not backed by the full faith and credit of the US govt. Non-investment-grade debt securities (high-yield/junk bonds) may be subject to tát greater market fluctuations, risk of mặc định or loss of income and principal than vãn higher rated securities. Investments in emerging markets may be considered speculative and are more likely to tát experience hyperinflation and currency devaluations, which adversely affect returns. In addition, many emerging securities markets have lower trading volumes and less liquidity. The fund may use derivatives to tát hedge its investments or to tát seek to tát enhance returns. Derivatives entail risks relating to tát liquidity, leverage and credit that may reduce returns and increase volatility.

There is no assurance that the Fund will achieve its investment objective. The Fund is subject to tát numerous risks, including investment risks. Shares of closed-end funds often trade at a discount from their net asset value. The Fund is not a complete investment program and you may lose money investing in the Fund. An investment in the Fund may not be appropriate for all investors.

The amounts and sources of distributions reported in any notices are only estimates and are not being provided for tax reporting purposes. The actual amounts and sources of the amounts for tax reporting purposes will depend upon the Fund's investment experience during the remainder of its fiscal year and may be subject to tát change based on tax regulations. The Fund will send a Form 1099-DIV for the calendar year that will tell how to tát report these distributions for federal income tax purposes.

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Yields are based on income earned for the period cited and on the Fund's NAV at the over of the over of the period.

Some investors may be subject to tát the alternative minimum tax (AMT).

Some BlackRock funds make distributions of ordinary income and capital gains at calendar year over. Those distributions temporarily cause extraordinarily high yields. There is no assurance that a fund will repeat that yield in the future. Subsequent monthly distributions that vì thế not include ordinary income or capital gains in the size of dividends will likely be lower.

The Funds are distributed by BlackRock Investments, LLC (together with its affiliates, “BlackRock”).

Although BlackRock shall obtain data from sources that BlackRock considers reliable, all data contained herein is provided “as is” and BlackRock makes no representation or warranty of any kind, either express or implied, with respect to tát such data, the timeliness thereof, the results to tát be obtained by the use thereof or any other matter. BlackRock expressly disclaims any and all implied warranties, including without limitation, warranties of originality, accuracy, completeness, timeliness, non-infringement, merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose.

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